(Text below courtesy of Balboa Films by Jean-Jacques Jura, Rodney Norman Bardin, published by McFarland &
From 1913 through 1918, Long Beach, California, was home to the largest independent film company
in the world, the largely forgotten Balboa Studio. Founder Herbert M. Horkheimer bought the studio from Edison Company in
1913, and by 1915 Balboa's expenses exceeded $2,500 a day and its output hit 15,500 feet of film per week. Bert Bracken, Fatty
Arbuckle, Henry King, Baby Marie Osborne, Thomas Ince, and William Desmond Taylor began their careers with the studio. In
1918, Horkheimer stunned the industry by declaring bankruptcy, shutting down Balboa, and walking away from moviemaking. The
closing of the studio effectively ended Long Beach's runs as a major film location and left many wondering about the true
reasons behind Horkheimer's decision. Most of Balboa's films have been lost.
Jura is the advisor and coordinator for Languages other than English at California State University in Long Beach.
Rodney Norman Bardin
II is a radio talk show host. Both live in Long Beach.